Bladder & Bowel

What is constipation?

Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent, hard to pass, small in quantity or hard and dry in consistency. There are different forms of constipation: chronic constipation, acute constipation and traveller’s constipation.

Different forms of constipation

Chronic constipation

Due to reduced bowel peristalsis and a decreased level of physical activity,...

Bowel incontinence is the involuntary loss of bowel contents, including flatus and faeces. The causes may be of neurogenic, muscular or textural nature. However, an individually-developed bowel management makes it possible to maintain continence and to mostly avoid incontinence issues.

Specific forms of diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is the technical term for loose stool. Diarrhoea is frequent...

What are haemorrhoids?

  • The haemorrhoid veins are part of the locking mechanism of the rectum and responsible for sealing the anus. The sealing works through different levels of filling of the blood vessels.
  • If these vessels do not inflate and deflate properly and cause problems, it is called haemorrhoids.

What are the symptoms of haemorrhoids?

  • Anal bleeding
  • Mild faecal soiling
  • In...