What is thrombosis and what causes it?
Thrombosis is a condition where a blood clot (thrombus) forms inside a blood vessel and thus causes a restriction or blockage of the blood flow within the vessel. Thromboses are dangerous as they might lead to a pulmonary embolism (see FAQs) in case the blood clot travels to the lungs.
What causes thrombosis?
What are the signs and symptoms of thrombosis?
Possible physical trouble:
- plantar pain
- dragging pain along the vein
- one leg is significantly thicker than the other
- redness of skin and warm skin in the affected area
How to prevent thrombosis:
When do I have to be especially careful?
- warmer temperatures: sufficient fluid intake
ImportantThrombosis has to be treated as soon as possible as the results can be life threatening.
In case a thrombosis is suspected, the GP must be contacted immediately. It is important to move as little as possible (e.g. mobilisation) – the thrombus might be released and cause a pulmonary embolism.
FAQsWhat kind of compression stockings do I need?
Compression class 2. To be effective, the compression stockings must fit well. In case you already have older stockings at home, make sure they still fit and are effective.
What is a pulmonary embolism?
A pulmonary embolism is a life threatening condition caused by a sudden blockage of a blood vessel in the lungs. E.g. the vessel might be blocked by a blood clot that originated in the leg. Symptoms of a pulmonary embolism include: shortness of breath, anxiety, irritation of the throat, rapid pulse.
What does sufficient fluid intake mean?
It is recommended to drink 2.5 liters each day – on hot days correspondingly more. 1.5 liters of urine have to be excreted through the bladder each day. Suitable fluids are water and fluids that are rich in minerals (mineral water).
updated: December 2013