The arms and hands of wheelchair users are taking over most leg functions. Therefore, it is important to take care of them as well as to train and use them as much as possible from the beginning.

Aspects of optimal rehabilitation of the upper limbs:

  • positioning of the upper limbs
  • functional hand
  • functional training and activities of daily life (ADL)
  • functional electrical...

Invasive respiration

What does invasive respiration mean?

For people with spinal cord injuries with a lesion at a level of C4 or higher, breathing is inadequate, or there is a complete absence of it. As a result, people affected are dependent upon invasive respiration – invasive because the respiration takes place through a tracheostomy tube which runs through the neck directly into the...

Breathing is the most normal thing in the world for us. We hardly think about it, even though we breathe in and out about 20,000 times per day. We breathe more when we are active and exerting ourselves, and we breathe less when we are inactive.

The oxygen inhaled is delivered to every cell in our body, no matter how small. In the cells a sort of combustion takes place resulting in the...

Pain is a basic human experience that we are often confronted with in our lives – sometimes even on a daily basis. We hit our head, our wisdom teeth are aching or we get a headache when the weather changes.

There are different types of pain. Musculoskeletal pain can be treated with conventional measures, as well as with physical measures. But many people with spinal cord injury (SCI) suffer...

Body & Complications

Structure of the spinal column and nervous system

The nervous system consists of a central, a peripheral and a vegetative part. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. The nervous system is used for the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of information. Together with the hormone systems, it controls the...

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Bladder & Bowel

Bladder paralysis

Normal bladder function

If the bladder is empty, the bladder muscle (detrusor) relaxes and the sphincter contracts – the bladder is shut.

The nerves connected to the bladder wall register the bladder stretching, and as it fills, they carry a message to the brain. During urination, the...

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Daily Life & Mobility

ParaHelp – experience and competence for you at home

ParaHelp specialises in advice and care for patients with spinal cord injuries, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or spina bifida. Together with the patients themselves, their relatives and experts, we develop individual solutions to the challenges of everyday life. We help to prevent...

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Health & Sexuality

Spinal cord injury as a critical life event

The occurrence of a spinal cord injury, whether caused by an accident, illness or medical intervention, is unforeseeable and usually happens very quickly. It is like a turning point in life and nothing seems the same afterwards. Many things that used to be familiar, safe and controllable are no...

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