What is thrombosis and what causes it?

Thrombosis is a condition where a blood clot (thrombus) (A) forms inside a blood vessel and thus causes a restriction or blockage of the blood flow within the vessel (B).

Thromboses are dangerous as they might lead to a pulmonary embolism (see FAQs) in the event of the blood clot travelling to the lungs (C).

When is there an increased risk of...

A comprehensively designed living space is a fundamental need and it influences the individual's quality of life immensely. In order to be independent, it is essential that structural barriers are removed and avoided for persons with spinal cord injury (SCI).

The first step towards eliminating structural barriers for persons with SCI is an on-site evaluation of the living space. This...

What is syringomyelia?

Syringomyelia is a slowly progressing process in which the grey matter of the spinal cord, especially in the cervical and thoracic areas of the medulla, becomes loose and a fluid-filled cavity forms. They are very rare and occur spontaneously (1–2 per 1,000,000 inhabitants) and following spinal cord injuries where they can occur months or even years after the...

Emptying the bowel should occur periodically (every one or two days) possibly around the same time. Doing so trains the bowel and therefore allows you to maintain or regain control over defecation.


You can help to regulate your bowel movements by paying careful attention to your habits and activities. Do you normally always empty your bowel in the morning? Or do you prefer to go to...

Body & Complications

Structure of the spinal column and nervous system

The nervous system consists of a central, a peripheral and a vegetative part. The central nervous system consists of the brain and spinal cord. The nervous system is used for the acquisition, processing, storage and dissemination of information. Together with the hormone systems, it controls the...

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Bladder & Bowel

Bladder paralysis

Normal bladder function

If the bladder is empty, the bladder muscle (detrusor) relaxes and the sphincter contracts – the bladder is shut.

The nerves connected to the bladder wall register the bladder stretching, and as it fills, they carry a message to the brain. During urination, the...

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Daily Life & Mobility

ParaHelp – experience and competence for you at home

ParaHelp specialises in advice and care for patients with spinal cord injuries, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or spina bifida. Together with the patients themselves, their relatives and experts, we develop individual solutions to the challenges of everyday life. We help to prevent...

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Health & Sexuality

Spinal cord injury as a critical life event

The occurrence of a spinal cord injury, whether caused by an accident, illness or medical intervention, is unforeseeable and usually happens very quickly. It is like a turning point in life and nothing seems the same afterwards. Many things that used to be familiar, safe and controllable are no...

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